Pomegranate For Beauty And Health

Throughout history, Pomegranates have been revered as a symbol of life, vitality, health, and sexuality. They have been used in alternative medicine for centuries and all across the globe. In this modern day and age, the benefits of such a popular health aid can be tested by medical and scientific research. Whereas some health treatments fail to live up to their promise during these tests, Pomegranate has excelled. Its well-known reputation as a natural aphrodisiac has been proven. Its use in treating skin health and beauty has gained its wide popularity in the beauty industry. Studies have even found that this fruit can help to combat Cancer and prevent cardiovascular diseases. All these wonderful health benefits and more have led to Pomegranate being deemed a superfood. The round, purple and red fruit has experienced a boom in popularity. It is not too hard nowadays to find Pomegranate juices and supplements being sold on your high street. Drinking Pomegranate juice is not just a fashion craze though! It can genuinely provide you with a host of health benefits that few other foods offer.

Skin Health

Pomegranate has some fantastic benefits for skin health. This superfood is a favourite of the beauty and cosmetics industry. Its beneficial properties for skin health and beauty have led to it being included in many cosmetic products. In many forms of skin care and toiletries, Pomegranate can be found. Whilst you can find many products containing this powerful fruit to put on your skin, you can gain benefits from eating the fruit itself. Supplements of Pomegranate are being sold as beauty aids, as well as health aids. Looking after your skin with essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients is a smart idea for many reasons.

Healthy skin does not only help you to achieve an attractive appearance. It also looks after the health of your whole body. Your skin is an organ that protects you against infection, regulates your temperature, and performs many other essential functions. So looking after your skin isn’t only a good idea for beauty, it is also a good idea for your wellbeing. Pomegranate is one super food that could help you to maintain healthy functioning skin throughout life. Pomegranate is a concentrated source of Vitamin C. Vitamin C is known to help promote healthy skin and teeth. This important vitamin also helps to tackle wrinkles and similar signs of ageing. A diet high in Vitamin C has been linked to more youthful looking skin, so Pomegranate offers some natural anti-ageing properties. It can protect your skin from damaging sunlight, which can help to prevent Skin Cancer and premature signs of ageing. Without an adequate supply of Vitamin C in your diet, you are at risk of experiencing tooth decay and re-opening of healed wounds and scars. It is estimated that just one small glass of Pomegranate juice can offer women over 40 per cent of their daily Vitamin C needs. For men, it can provide 30 per cent of their recommended daily intake. Vitamin E is very important for skin health. Like Vitamin C, it can help protect your skin from some damage. It is even more effective at this job than Vitamin C, and it effectively stops dangerous free radicals from damaging skin. Free radicals are bad substances that come from our environment and can damage our cellular DNA. They have been linked to Cancer and other health conditions. However, you can help to stop them causing damage to your health, thanks to Vitamin E. Many vitamins and minerals are able to fight free radicals, and Pomegranate offers a lot of these. Vitamin E is also able to help manage and fight inflammation and promote proper healing of wounds.

One glass of Pomegranate juice offers you nearly 20 per cent of your daily Vitamin E requirements. You can receive about 10 to 15 per cent of your daily Zinc needs with Pomegranate juice. Zinc is essential for proper wound healing. It is a powerful anti-oxidant that can keep your skin safe and healthy. It is able to actively control and manage the growth of cells that develop to become mature skin tissue. This means that Zinc maintains a youthful appearance for your skin. One final important component of Pomegranate that benefits skin is Copper. Copper is essential for the production of melanin. Melanin is the pigment that colours your skin, eyes and hair. This means that copper can help to normalise and regulate skin colour. If you have trouble with pigmentation because of the health condition, or if your skin has some discolouration to it, then Copper could help manage this problem. Like the vitamins that Pomegranate contains, Copper offers some natural sun protection. It helps to produce collagen for your skin as well, which makes it firmer and stronger. Considering all the important nutrients Pomegranate contains, it is not surprising why it is being favoured by the beauty industry!

This natural beauty aid offers you important vitamins and minerals that will help you to look after and protect your skin throughout life. You can find creams, lotions and gels that contain Pomegranate, all to apply topically on your skin. These pre-made products will offer many benefits and may be a good investment. However, for some many cosmetic products contain too many unnatural and chemical ingredients for their liking, and may be too expensive. If this is the case, you can try applying Pomegranate seed oil directly onto your skin. This is a more affordable and pure option, although it should be done carefully and with safe oil. Otherwise, don’t forget how effective supplements or fresh fruit can be. In the end, you can absorb all these skin healthy nutrients through the digestive process. Eating or drinking Pomegranate is a good way to ensure you get a concentrated supply of these vitamins and minerals for skin health. With just one glass of Pomegranate juice, you could be effectively protecting your skin health.

Sexual Health

It is hard to talk about Pomegranate without mentioning its reputation as a natural aphrodisiac. Throughout history, Pomegranate has been revered as a symbol of fertility and sexuality. In traditional and alternative forms of medicine, it is used to encourage successful conception, proper erectile function, and a healthy libido. According to modern research, Pomegranate is actually highly beneficial for these uses. Scientific and medical studies are supporting the historic reputation of this superfood as an aphrodisiac. In fact, Pomegranate has been found to be a natural libido enhancer. Both men and women can benefit from the properties of Pomegranate. In an important study, it was noted that Pomegranate could enhance testosterone production and increase sexual desire. In the study over 50 men and women of different ages were given Pomegranate juice to drink for a fortnight. Compared to the beginning of the experiment, at the end of the fortnight, the participants had all experienced a significant increase in sexual desire and a rise in sex hormone production. The hormone testosterone was produced more easily when the drink was taken. Testosterone is important for women as well as men. In men, testosterone is linked with sexual desire, facial hair growth and a deep voice. For women, it also increases sexual desire but also strengthens muscles and bones. A notable side effect of increased testosterone production is enhanced mood and memory. A good added bonus! All these benefits combine to make this superfood a powerful natural aphrodisiac.

Heart Health

For those who wish to look after cardiovascular health naturally, Pomegranate offers some hope. This superfood is able to help control blood cholesterol, keeping it healthy and stable. According to one Israeli study, drinking the juice of this fruit daily could help to reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Essentially this means that a glass of Pomegranate juice a day could keep the doctor away! If you are at risk of developing cardiovascular diseases or conditions, then you may want to consider the benefits of this fruit. It has been found that Pomegranate can help to reduce levels of bad LDL cholesterol in the blood. High levels of LDL and high cholesterol levels, in general, is linked to an increased risk of heart attacks, Diabetes, Obesity and other health conditions. Pomegranate can help to protect you from these conditions by preventing LDL cholesterol from building up in your blood. This contributed to better management and prevention of Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition characterised by cholesterol as plaque on artery walls. This can make the arteries inflexible and thinner, leading to high blood pressure and other problems. This benefit of Pomegranate has led to more research being conducted on its link to heart health. It may potentially help to control blood sugar levels too when taken sensibly. It is a food that releases sugars slowly so that the body has a source of energy for a while afterwards. This slow release of sugars prevents insulin spikes and fatigue as well and may help Diabetic people when included in a balanced diet. These are just some of the known benefits and areas of interest for this superfood, and it is thought that more users are soon to be discovered.

Why Vitamin C Is Important

We all know that Vitamin C is good for us. Have you ever been told by a loved one to take some Vitamin C whenever you feel a bit ill? This nutrient is perhaps one of the most popular supplement in the UK today. This reputation of supporting recovery from minor infections and illnesses has made Vitamin C the people’s medicine. If you have ever had a cold it is likely that you’ve turned to citrus fruits or juices as well as Vitamin C supplements to aid a speedy recovery. This popular use of Vitamin C has made it perhaps one of the best known vitamins.

But how much do you really know about Vitamin C? Sure, it may support your immune system, but how does it do this? And what other benefits does it offer you? You may be surprised to learn that this popular vitamin is not actually that well understood by most people. It can do much more than just help you to recover from colds! It can support your cardiovascular health, help to prevent Cancer, control Cataracts, and even ease the symptoms of Osteoarthritis. And this is just a few of the benefits this nutrient can offer you!

Cardiovascular Health.

Did you know that Vitamin C could hold some significant benefits for cardiovascular health? The connection between this valuable vitamin and the health of the cardiovascular system is little known. You may not have thought that there could even be a significant link between this nutrient and your blood and heart. However, according to extensive research, Vitamin C may help to prevent and control a huge range of cardiovascular complications. For many medical experts and researchers, this makes Vitamin C hugely important.

So what can Vitamin C do for your cardiovascular wellbeing? According to a range of studies, it can do a lot for you! It is now known that Vitamin C is involved in controlling and managing blood pressure, as well as supporting good endothelial health. Some of its main benefits concern the build-up of plaque in the arteries, also known as Atherosclerosis. It can also help to control a heart valve disorder associated with age, commonly called Degenerative Aortic Stenosis. Clearly Vitamin C plays an important role in maintaining cardiovascular wellbeing.

Atherosclerosis is the build-up of plaque formed due to an excess of cholesterol in the blood stream. This means that if you have high cholesterol, you also have a high risk of Atherosclerosis. The problem with this condition is that it leads to narrowing of the arteries, whilst also causing these blood vessels to become inflexible. This makes high blood pressure more likely. With high blood pressure and high cholesterol together, the risk of life threatening blood clots and artery ruptures becomes very great indeed.

Preventing the build-up of plaque is obviously a good idea when thinking about maintaining cardiovascular wellbeing. With Vitamin C, this can be done both naturally and effectively. In several studies it has been found that Vitamin C can lower the risk of Atherosclerosis. In one British study, people with low Vitamin C levels who took supplements for 2 months had their risk of Atherosclerosis reduced by almost 40 per cent.

Degenerative Aortic Stenosis is an age related disorder related to the heart valve. It can be serious, and is in part caused by excessive inflammation in the cardiovascular system. According to a recent study, patients with this condition could benefit from Vitamin C supplements. Patients with mild to moderate aortic stenosis who took Vitamin C supplements experienced improvements to wellbeing that those not who did not take Vitamin C lacked. Namely, it was found that the vitamin greatly reduce their risk of inflammatory damage to their heart valves, which could make their condition worse.

But why does Vitamin C offer so many benefits to cardiovascular health? Well, it is believed that Vitamin C is a powerful nutrient capable of tackling oxidative stress and inflammation. As both an anti-oxidant and an anti-inflammatory vitamin, Vitamin C can help to prevent and control two of the most common causes of cardiovascular disease.

Oxidation can be problematic, and is known to be a potential cause of Cancer. Oxidative stress can build up in the body if it is not tackled or controlled, and can make cells less stable or unable to function properly. If this oxidative damage builds up to much it can affect more than just a few cells. It can cause damage to whole organs and systems in the body. Oxidative stress in the cardiovascular system is known to increase the risk of a range of conditions. In a similar way, inflammation can cause extensive damage to the body when not controlled. Luckily, Vitamin C can tackle both oxidative stress and inflammation, lowering your risk of cardiovascular conditions dramatically.

Eye Health.

You might not associate Vitamin C with eye health, but there are some well-known links between them. It is now known that Vitamin C could potentially help the body to fight Cataracts. Cataracts is a common eye condition most often associated with the elderly, although it can affect anyone of any age. It causes clouding to the lens and vision. It can be caused by oxidative stress build up, which can develop due to sunlight reaching the eye. Since Vitamin C is an anti-oxidant, it can prevent this from occurring and building up too much. Vitamin C is concentrated in the lens of the eye, so it makes sense that your eye health depends on you getting enough Vitamin C in your diet.

It is thought that this vitamin can help to improve quality of vision in people with Uveitis. This is a condition caused by inflammation in the centre of the eye. As a powerful anti-inflammatory nutrient, Vitamin C can control the inflammation and tackle this condition effectively.

Alongside other anti-oxidants, Vitamin C can help to protect your eyes from various health conditions. Namely, it can play a role in preventing Age related Macular Degeneration. Also known as AMD, this condition is the primary cause of loss of sight and blindness in the elderly of the UK. As you get older, your risk of AMD increases. So finding a way to protect your eyes in later adult life is important. Alongside Zinc, Vitamin E and beta-carotene, Vitamin C can prevent and tackle oxidative stress in the eyes. Oxidation is one of the main causes of AMD, so getting plenty of powerful anti-oxidants in your diet can help to prevent this condition. Even in people with advanced AMD, Vitamin C is powerful enough to offer some benefits. A common supplement to take for this condition combines a high dose of Zinc with Vitamin C.


Now that you know how Vitamin C can support your health and wellbeing, it is time to find out which foods are Vitamin C rich. Including these foods regularly as part of a varied and nutritious diet can help you to support your wellbeing naturally and safely. Your diet determines a lot about your wellbeing. So focusing on your diet and making it nutritious is a great way to promote health and wellbeing throughout life. Men need about 90 mg of Vitamin C a day, whilst women need about 75 mg.

Most of the best food sources of Vitamin C are fruits. Fruits are low in calories and fat yet packed full of essential vitamins and minerals. Your best bet when choosing Vitamin C rich fruits is to choose citrus fruits. Orange, lemons, grapefruits and limes are all chock full of Vitamin C. You may be used to stocking up on citrus fruits when you are feeling under the weather. Since Vitamin C supports the immune system, this is a good idea! Just one medium orange can offer you 70 mg of Vitamin C, which amounts to almost 100 per cent of an adult woman’s daily needs.

Other fruits to stock up on include strawberries, papayas, black currant, guava, kiwis, and melons. Cantaloupe melon can provide you with almost 70 mg of Vitamin C per cup, whilst watermelon can offer you over 110 per cent of you daily needs for this nutrient.

Kiwi fruits may be small but they are certainly mighty when it comes to Vitamin C. They have even more of this nutrient than an orange! As a bonus, they also contain more Potassium than bananas.

In terms of vegetables, you may want to stock up on leafy green vegetables. Dark leafy greens like kale, spinach, watercress, and chard all contain a lot of Vitamin C yet almost no calories. Try eating more salads with mixed leaf greens, or cook them as nutritious and tasty side dishes. Brussels sprouts are also worth mentioning, as they are high in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Folate, Potassium and fibre. Though not the most popular of vegetables, they can do wonders for your health! A more popular vegetable to include regularly in your diet is broccoli, containing 90 mg of Vitamin C per floret. Some herbs, such as chive, thyme, parsley, and basil are worth adding to your meals for an easy Vitamin C boost.

Why Do Turmeric And Black Pepper Need To Be Taken Together?

The History Of Turmeric

Turmeric has been used medicinally for thousands of years, and is widely used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine. Curcuminoids are the compounds in turmeric that give it it’s vibrant orange colour – with curcumin being the most active of these. Turmeric’s popularity as a supplement has spread world wide recently as more and more scientific studies reveal how incredibly powerful its effects are on the body. That’s the good news, the bad news is that curcumin has very low bioavailability – this means that it’s difficult for the body to absorb and use. When it’s combined with black pepper, however, studies have shown that it supercharges the absorption!

Regular consumption of a high level of turmeric has been linked to wide a range of health benefits:

  • Supports and facilitates digestion, especially the digestion of fats
  • Supports liver and gallbladder functions, and may prevent the accumulation of fat in the liver helps to maintain the efficiency of the immune system
  • Has significant antioxidant properties
  • Supports the management of inflammation within the body, along multiple pathways, all at the same time
  • Supports heart function and blood circulation helps to protect and maintain the health of joints and bones, and their flexibility
  • Supports the function of the nervous system
  • May modulate tumour growth cell factors
  • May cross the blood-brain barrier and therefore may play an important role in reduction of inflammation within the brain
  • May help keep skin healthy

Why Does The Body Not Absorb Curcumin Properly?

Curcumin dissolves in fat rather than in water, and due to the fact that our digestive systems are a watery environment, most of it just ends up being excreted by the body. Further to this it’s rapidly metabolised in the liver and intestinal walls, and therefore only a tiny portion of it enters the bloodstream. These factors result in low bioavailability, which means that only a very small amount of curcumin is available for the body to use. This is where black pepper comes in.

Black pepper contains a constituent called piperine, which acts in the liver and helps to slow the breakdown of curcumin, leaving more available for the body to use. Confirmed by several studies, the bioavailability of curcumin has been shown to be significantly higher when combined with piperine.

In fact, in one particular study in humans, it was observed that a dose of 2 gm curcumin with just 20 mg of piperine produced an astounding 2000% increase in bioavailability. Black pepper also has its own health benefits to offer – including enhancing digestion, regulating nerve signals, boosting metabolism, and controlling obesity. Studies also suggest that black pepper has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties just like turmeric.

Are Turmeric / Curcumin Anti-Inflammatory?

Inflammation is a normal part of the healing process, for example if you hurt yourself the body will go into healing mode and part of that will include some inflammation. However chronic inflammation is a cycle that may lead to disease, for example asthma, allergies, diabetes, heart disease and even cancer. One of the key factors in reducing these disease processes is to decrease this pattern of chronic inflammation, and curcumin helps to do this by inhibiting powerful enzymes and molecules involved in the inflammatory process. Studies have shown that curcumin may also help to prevent more proliferative diseases by various mechanisms including:

Inhibiting mutations – cellular mutations may lead to abnormal cellular behaviour and even cancer
Detoxifying cacinogens – processing substances that are known to cause cancer, making them less toxic to us
Decreasing cell proliferation – lessens the spread of “unhealthy” cells
Inducing apoptosis of tumour cells – this means causing the death of “unhealthy” cells.

Human studies illustrating the anti-cancer effects of turmeric are promising, particularly on leukemia cells, gastric and colon cancer cells, and breast cancer cells. Studies also show that the incidence of cancer is recorded to be low in India compared to Western countries, where turmeric is used on a regular basis.

Can Turmeric Be Used For Pain Relief?

Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, turmeric has long been used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine to heal the body, fight infections, and relieve pain – many studies have shown the ability of curcumin to reduce pain, inflammation and stiffness, in both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Turmeric and black pepper together create an unbeatable combo for relief from chronic pain – piperine in black pepper activates cellular receptors (TRPV1) that set off an anti-pain reaction in the body which in turn brings about significant relief – even from nerve-related pain

What Else Can Turmeric / Curcumin Be Used For?

Turmeric For Weight Loss-

Black pepper and turmeric could be your answer to weight loss – according to research, curcumin directly interacts with fat cells, pancreatic cells, liver cells, immune system cells called macrophages, and muscle cells. It combats insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, inflammation and other symptoms linked to obesity. Black pepper also show similar effects against obesity and insulin resistance. As turmeric needs black pepper to work, together these two form a highly effective combination to fight fat.

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Turmeric For Mild Cognitive Impairment & Alzheimer’s Disease

Interestingly India has a low incidence and prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease – while this may be attributed to genetics or an intake of specific foods, many people say its due to the daily intake of turmeric. It has been discovered that curcumin has the potential to cross the blood brain barrier, and then be able to have a positive influence on potential inflammation within the brain. This is showing exciting results in the treatment of mild cognitive impairment, stroke and hopefully may help in the prevention of degenerative cognitive diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

Mood Disorders & Depression

More and more research is building to support the use of curcumin in stress and mood disorders. The mechanisms of how curcumin may work in the brain, seem to be similar biologically to how many anti-depressants work. Depression is now considered by many to be a disorder of inflammation – an area we know curcumin excels in!

So far there has not been any toxicity shown for curcumin and turmeric – even at high/concentrated amounts it is extremely safe to consume. In fact, many studies have found that curcumin may have an even more potent effect than some drugs, and without any of the side effects. It is important to note however, that since curcumin has a positive effect on the gallbladder and stimulates the release of bile flow (to aid fat digestion) it may lead to an unsettling of the gallbladder. This is not good for those with gallstones therefore always ask for advice from your healthcare professional if you have any concerns.

There are so many incredible ways turmeric and curcumin can help the body, on many different levels and pathways, for a wide range of conditions. It really does seem that nature has provided us with a wonder herb, and while it has been revered for thousands of years, science is now helping to unlock its secrets.

Due to the bioavailability of curcumin, make sure to choose a turmeric supplement with black pepper in it to ensure maximum absorption and use within the body.

Organic Vs Non-Organic Meat: Which Is Better?

Recently the value of organic meat has shot up. In every supermarket, you can find meat claiming to be organic, and therefore better quality. But is this true? The debate about the worth of organic meat over non-organic meat has been ongoing. Organic meat may be more expensive than regular meat, but many people claim that it is worth the money. Still, some find it hard to overlook the fact that organic beef can often be double the price of non-organic beef. So what are the benefits of buying organic instead of non-organic meat?

In most cases, organically raised meat is treated more humanely than non-organically raised meat. Factory farms sacrifice the welfare of their animals in order to make an easy profit. This results in highly unethical situations for the livestock. The cheapest meat is raised in this way and continues to be popular because of its affordability. People who object to this style of farming choose organic meat because they are more certain of good ethical standards. Organically raised livestock are often free-range, which means that they can roam around in open areas. Not only is it ethical but promotes good health for livestock. Their conditions are often much more sanitary because they are not cramped in small spaces. This means that there is a lower risk of diseases and bad bacteria being carried by the meat. This form of meat production also tends to be environmentally friendly and sustainable. Organically raised and free-range meat is raised in open areas in small numbers. This means that less waste manure is produced. In non-organic farms, the huge number of livestock living in a small area can create a huge amount of pollutant and toxic waste, with a higher risk of diseases being spread. With organic meat, there is only a small amount of waste being produced which can then be reused as fertiliser. Because of the healthy diet organically raised livestock are fed, there is a lower risk of this waste carrying diseases. Fewer hormones, chemicals, and fuels are used in the whole process of raising the animals and creating the final meat product. In most non-organic farming there is an abundant use of growth hormones. These are to promote the growth of the animal so that there is more meat, as well as to increase the production of milk. Some consider this unethical and unnatural. In particular, there is an issue with the fact that these hormones can make its way into your food. Trace amounts of the hormones used can often be found in meat and milk products. Your body is not meant to ingest these extra hormones, and it can cause a range of health problems. Most commonly it will cause poor skin health and excess hair growth. But for pregnant or nursing women, as well as young children, these hormones carry more health risks. Organically raised meat is nearly always free from hormones. They are not given any kind of growth stimulant or anti-biotics that could contaminate the final food products. Instead, farmers use a nutritious and varied diet to promote the growth and health of their livestock.

What are the stages of osteoarthritis and their treatments

Millions of people all over the world develop osteoarthritis (OA). Among the various types of arthritis prevalent in society, this is considered to be the most common one. It is most frequently referred to as the wear and tear arthritis affecting the knees. While science has helped us make our lifelines longer, it has also paved the way for the development of several diseases. Osteoarthritis is one of them. It is actually believed that people will develop some type of knee osteoarthritis during their lifetime. Even though it is such a common disease, people are mostly unaware of it. So let’s find out a little more about the condition, its stages and some of the best ways to deal with it.

OA takes place in 4 stages. The cartilage between the joints providing the cushioning effect gets worn down. There is wear and tear of the top layer of the cartilage, which leads to friction between the bones. It can lead to a lot of pain and swelling, which can be severe enough to render your knee immobile. It could also result in the development of bone spurs.

There is another form of knee OA, which is called secondary knee osteoarthritis. It is caused by the weakening of your joint, instead of being worn out by old age. Since old age is not a necessary factor, people much younger might be prone to develop it. Anyone between the ages of 45-50 are especially vulnerable to it. The elements that might lead to the development of secondary knee osteoarthritis are genetics, knee injury, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and various other causes that might weaken your joints.

There is a possibility that you might be going through the symptoms of osteoarthritis. However, lack of awareness makes it hard to pinpoint if your discomfort originates from osteoarthritis or something else. Various factors can cause further confusion.

  • What stage of osteoarthritis are you in? 
  • What are the symptoms? 
  • What is the best course of treatment?

All of these questions might haunt you. So let’s break it down one question at a time.

What are the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis?

1. Knee joint stiffness that becomes much worse after periods of inactivity like in the mornings.

2. The knee area becoming sensitive and prone to swelling.

3. Weakened knee which could lead to it bucking under your weight.

4. Problems in bending your knee when sitting, or straightening it right after.

5. Daily activities like walking or going up and down the stairs can become infinitely more difficult.

The four stages of osteoarthritis are differentiated based on symptoms and the treatment allocated to each stage. Stage 1 is when the symptoms start to appear, and stage 4 is when they reach their worst stage possible.

Stage 1
of Knee Osteoarthritis

The knee begins to sprout minor bone spurs during the first stage. The wear and tear is small and in its early stages. So the discomfort you ight experience is similarly minimal and might be easily ignored.

The treatment recommended for early osteoarthritis includes maintaining an active lifestyle but not to put any pressure on the knee. You might want to do exercises to strengthen your knee. It is also important to eat right and have a healthy lifestyle. Doing this will avoid putting on extra pounds and keep the pressure off of your knees. Obesity or being in that neighbourhood can have extremely detrimental effects for your knees in the long run. So it’s vital that you maintain a healthy body weight.

Stage 2

of Knee Osteoarthritis

While the symptoms of OA start to become more evident in stage 2, they’re still considered pretty mild. There is a growth of bone spurs, but the cartilage holds its own and remains healthy in size. The bones avoid rubbing against one another as the space between them is still maintained. Your knee might feel tender and sensitive, though. There is still synovial fluid present that helps promote movement by keeping the friction at a minimum.

It is recommended to get a consultation with a doctor. Patients suffering from stage 2 knee osteoarthritis might opt for medicines that are readily available over the counter. If your weight is more than the recommended amount you should try some activities that will help you lose it. Daily exercise and following a healthy diet can work wonders to strengthen your knee muscles and joints. Strength training or aerobics can help, along with taking regular walks. To avoid injury, you could use wraps and braces while exercising.

Stage 3

of Knee Osteoarthritis

The 3rd stage witnesses further damage as the space between your bones begin to lessen. While this is still the moderate stage, the pain may worsen. The activities that you didn’t think about twice before, like running errands, can now turn into a hugely difficult task. Activities like walking or running can lead to extreme amounts of pain. The pain is especially evident while bending the knee or kneeling. Even sitting can bring along its own set of problems. At the end of a long sitting spell, you will witness your knee becoming quite stiff. You should make sure you stick to the exercise regime set by your doctor.

Stage 3 is an advanced form of osteoarthritis, and the damage is much more severe. It can be dealt with in two different ways as recommended by your doctor. Subscribing to pain medications can be the first alternative your doctor might discuss with you. This is, however, not a long term solution. There is a possibility of becoming dependent or developing tolerance of the drug. The second course of treatment is injecting Cortisone to help manage the pain. Cortisone is already produced by your body naturally. When injected into the area around your affected knee, it brings the pain levels down. Exercise and healthy eating are some of the vital elements of the treatment.

Stage 4

of Knee Osteoarthritis

The 4th stage is the final and the most intense of all the stages. It leads to the space between your bones to be minimised completely. The cartilage is at its bare minimum, and you’re always in varying amounts of pain. Any movement of the knee causes discomfort, and in some instances, excruciating amounts of pain.

The best course of treatment recommended by your doctor at this stage might be osteotomy, a bone realignment surgery. It helps balance the weight of your body away from the parts sustaining the most amount of damage due to bone spurs. A complete knee replacement called arthroplasty is another option on the table. However, this surgery is considered only if the damage is extreme, and the pain cannot be managed in any other way.

Consulting a doctor will help you determine if you are indeed suffering from osteoarthritis and its level. The doctor will also aid you in mapping out the best form of treatment to manage your symptoms. While osteoarthritis has no cure, it’s symptoms can be managed. So you must take care to follow any guidelines provided by the doctor and stick to a healthy routine.